English as a Second Language
The English as a Second Language (ESL) program supports the academic and personal development of students whose home language is a language other than English. Students study conversational English, English grammar, and English literacy. The goal of the program is to provide students with English skills that are necessary to function successfully in the mainstream classroom and in the community.
Federal Definition of an Immigrant Student
The term "immigrant children and youth," which is defined in section 3301(6) of Title III, refers to individuals who: (A) are aged 3 through 21; (B) were not born in any State; and (C) have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more States for more than 3 full academic years.
Definition - Limited English Proficient Student
The term "limited English Proficient", when used with respect to an individual, means an individual -
(a) who is aged 3 through 21;
(b) who is enrolled or preparing to enroll in an elementary school or secondary school;
(c)(1) who was not born in the US or whose native language is a language other than English;
(c)(1)(i)who is a Native American or Alaska Native, or a native resident of the outlying areas; and
(c)(1)(ii)who comes from an environment where a language other than English has had a significant impact on the individual's level of English language proficiency; or
(c)(1)(iii)who is migratory, whose native language is a language other than English, and who comes from an environment where a language other than English is dominant; and
(d)whose difficulites in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language may be sufficient to deny the individual
(d)(1)the ability to meet the State's proficient level of achievement on State assessments described in section 1111(b)(3);
(d)(2)the ability to successfully achieve in classrooms where the language of instruction is English; or
(d)(3)the opporutnity to participate in society.